The skin is the largest organ in the body, but we still often ignore its care. It has many functions.  Skin anatomy is interesting as it helps to protect us, regulates the body’s temperature and also helps with removal of toxins. It also has nerve endings, hair follicles and is sensitive to touch. Skin is very important to us and it protects us in many ways. It keeps tissues and blood inside of the body and harmful substances outside and protects us from UV light.

Skin is also very sensitive to touch and you can quite often see the state of persons health just by looking at the skin. Medications and illnesses can often have drastic affects to the condition of the skin as well as lifestyle choices and lack of vitamins and nutrients. Hormonal imbalance or disturbances are a very important factor in skin condition. They affect especially women as well as lack of hydration and basic skin care. It is important to look after the skin by looking after both inside as well as outside of yourself.


When you understand the structure and physiology of the skin it will help you to understand why.The skin has three main layers, subcutaneous, dermis (where collagen and elastin are formed) and outer layer epidermis (where keratin is formed) which is composed of five layers, each having different functions. The epidermis grows from inside to outside by cell devision pushing the older cells towards the outer layer of the skin.

skin anatomy and functions

Skin anatomy in detailed illustration.

This is why it is important to have a healthy lifestyle. Make sure you will get enough vitamins and minerals as these are the building blocks of a healthy skin. There is only so much your can do outwardly if the structure of the skin is damaged. The epidermis renews itself in about every 25 to 30 days. Effectively giving you a new skin every month. This is why regular facial treatments are recommended every four to six weeks.


The top layer of the skin has dead cells which fall off continuously. You can aid this process by exfoliating or dry brushing and at the same time you will stimulate the circulation. Blood carries nutrients around the body, which is also good for the skin. Men have a thicker skin than women and their skin also has more collagen, making it more flexible. Women’s skin collagen production lowers after menopause making the skin loser and thinner as we get older. The cell production slows down over the years and the skin renewal takes longer. The collagen and elastin fibres degenerate creating the wrinkles.

skin anatomy look after your skin

Look after your skin every day


You can look after your skin, by cleansing daily, dry brushing or exfoliating regularly. Make sure you hydrate the skin well by using oils, lotions or balms. Drink enough water and eat plenty of fruits and vegetables. Exercising is good for the body and mind and makes you look glowing as well as helps you to keep up positive spirits.  Having regular facial treatments will help to keep your skin in check as well as give you a change to enjoy a moment of relaxation.Read more about how to look after your skin.

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